Very often I have to face queries from students of computer science and IT about the latest trends in Computer Science. The queries are especially focused on research. Be it a research paper for Ph.D. or a thesis report by a grad student, the research topics are constantly transforming or ‘changing’ for a student in computer science. Here is an effort to discuss the Emerging Trends in Computer Science.
There is a huge demand to learn the latest trends in the vast world of computer science as the topics are considered unpredictable and uncertain. There has been a complete turnover in the topics that people chose 10 years back as when we compare it to the present situation.
Quoting J. Ullman “Computer Science is a science of abstraction -creating the right model for a problem and devising the appropriate merchandisable techniques to solve it.” This quote clearly describes the real essence of computer science.
A brief look at the Emerging Trends in Computer Science
The new areas that have been catching the attention of researchers in the field of computer science recently but rather lately are as mentioned below
Simply put, it is the science that combines computers and the anatomy of living beings. It deals with the processing and gathering the biological data with the use of computer programs. This area of converting complex biological data into a readable format is attaining popularity in many developed countries like the US. The future seems bright for people developing skills in this area of research. Medical research today is incompatible with a large part of applications in bioinformatics. So, this area is a promising field for development in the near future whose seeds have been sown much earlier.
The increasing number of cyberattacks stresses the need for promising, practical, and economical cyber security systems everywhere. Be it home, businesses, public and private sector organizations, government offices, aviation, transportation, medicine, and entertainment to name a few. This points toward an ever-increasing market for cyber security networks and systems. These systems at their very core must be able to control all the malware activities and viruses (virus and malware are two different terms) efficiently and effectively. It goes beyond this most important activity and must provide reliable and efficient systems that warn about threats, provide prevention and secure any kind of credentials from malicious attacks.
Data Science (Big Data)
This is the most emerging technology of today in the list of Emerging Trends in Computer Science. There is a very large scope of research and development considering the amount of data being produced by organizations and individuals across the globe. It is also the most challenging, lucrative, and well-paying profession. An overwhelming number of research papers/journals were published in the last few years. It deals with the storage, processing, and analyzing of the massive data stored across the world in various organizations and data centers. One research aspect of data science or big data is the study, assessment, and evaluation of human interactions and behaviors. As seen in a recent poll by IBM, nearly 2/3rd of all demands for data scientists are unfulfilled. So the sky is the limit in this most trending field in Computer Science.
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Virtual Reality applications
The newest trend is to get the (VR) virtual reality environment products. At the present, VRs are used for several applications that include gaming, engineering, design, etc. But this trend is going to affect almost everything we do or think. Medical science, physical sciences, environment, businesses, space industry, and entertainment industry are the biggest stakeholders of VR applications.
The ‘Cloud’ in Cloud Computing refers to the servers, storage, databases, networking, software, and analytics provided by the ‘Cloud’ provider. The cloud provider is basically the internet or data provider. This area plays an important role in various fields of business, computing, security, every topic in this article, etc. Cloud computing has already been given a lot of attention by scientists and researchers. But this is still a good research field to plunge into considering the scope of research available
A new frontier in human history has been created, all by the name of artificial intelligence. Often defined as the science behind intelligent systems and robotics. Another aspect is to create Expert Systems to exhibit intelligent behavior in machines that learn, demonstrate, explain, and advise the users.
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So these are only of few of the emerging trends in computer science that need deliberation if you are into research or want to create something revolutionary, useful, and innovative.